Case Study: Che Guevara foco-based Marxism Movement

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Case Study: Che Guevara foco-based Marxism Movement


ENSCO: Challenges to Sovereignty Analytical Essay


As American leaders strive to understand and counter the non-conventional threat of the ISIL movement today, they must first examine similar transnational ideological movements of the past. The Che Guevara foco-based Marxism movement of 1964-1967 is one such movement worth examination. Che Guevara, the revolutionary communist leader from Cuba, focused on a strong ideological narrative that advocated terrorism as its primary instrument. Although ISIL is primarily a religious based movement, it also advocates terrorism as a primary instrument to achieve its ideological and religious goals. Like Che, the ISIL movement is very dynamic and has influenced thousands of people over multiple continents to pick up arms and fight to the death for a cause. ISIL’s ultimate objective is to change the world with the establishment of a global Caliphate and the purge of all things western. Similarly, Che wanted to change the world to one of a Marxist regime that rejected all things imperial or capitalist. In the end, however, the foco-Marxist movement Che led failed due to strategic miscalculations on his part. Forty years later, the understanding of the movement’s beginnings and its ultimate downfall can give insight to American leaders on how to develop strategies against ISIL.


Bree Guiterman


Timothy C Platt, MSM


09 February 2015





Bree Guiterman, “Case Study: Che Guevara foco-based Marxism Movement,” The Che Guevara Files, accessed April 22, 2018,